Jelcz PR110M #003 podczas przejazdu specjalnego w Bielawie.That is the way the technology experts imagined perfect bus for Poland, when on streets there was plenty of Jelcz 272MEX called cucumbers, Syrena, Warszawa and few Fiat 125P. Bus was prepared by French manufacturer Berliet. Idea was very modern for these years. You can realize this by comparing look of cucumber and spacious, very glassed vehicle. Assumption was to develop on existing body new 12 meters construction with three doors and this construction should use horizontal engine O680, ZF licensed gearbox and shock absorbers Amstrong and other "imperial" inventions Poland had license for. In 1972 Poland goverment bought license for non-existent bus a hybrid of French Berliet and polish subcomponents. Berliet PR100 was a French adaptation of german standard bus - bus with two doors, rear engine and lowered floor. The body of PR100 was unusual, angular carosserie a typical for these days cars. Berliet construction office started to work on this and in 1974 PR110 prototype was build. Production started one year later and lasted until 1992. A so modern bus showed a lot of deffects and was modernized during the production. The steel had a bad quality and construction of chassis too weak. WSK Mielec manufacturing engines O680 did not care about their quality of horizontal engines and concentrated on horizontal engines for trucks. And that is why a modern bus with 11 litre engine with 185HP and synchronized gearbox S4-90 disappointed polish transport companies. Production was at high level, yearly factory released about 1000 items of PR110 (they planned 5000 but it was not real to achieve this). So the biggest boom on Jelcz PR110M deliveries peaked between 1977 and 1980. These days PR110 dominated urban transport in Warszawa, Łódź, Kraków and other big cities. Winter of century 1980/1981 brutally checked disadvantages of PR110, the fuel wires notoriusly freezed and buses were not able to go outside depots in opposite to older "cucumbers" and ikaruses. Next crash of production came and Jelcz PR110 was taken from bigger cities to smaller towns because bigger cities acquired a lot of Ikaruses 260 and 280. Too complicated construction, bad quality did fit to reality of eighties in Poland. Jelcz PR110 was producted in 10000 items and majority of them was produced during 1977-1981. This bus was not worse than Mercedes O305 and these days MAN SL but the biggest problem was a quality of mounting and very rarely these buses lasted more than 10 days. In Wrocław the last Jelcz PR110M were delivered in 1984 and they had 711-965 numbers and it gives more than 250 items delivered to Wrocław. The last PR110M Jelcz were in use until 1995 year where newer Jelcz 120M were acquired. The last existing Jelcz PR110M was used as learning vehicle and sold from MPK to private company Autotram and very long time it was standing at Borek depot and then transfered to ex-Tyska depot and gone about 2006-2008 for scrap.
Historia Jelcza PR110M #003
Inside Jelcz PR110MAutobus Jelcz PR110M #003 został wyprodukowany w Jelczańskich Zakładach Samochodowych w roku 1987 i od nowośći jeździł w Iławskiej komunikacji miejskiej. Został on fabrycznie wyposażony w silnik WSK Mielec SW680/78/1 z czterobiegową manualną skrzynią biegów Tczew. W latach dziewięćdziesiątych przeszedł pierwszy remont wykonany w fabryce w Jelczu i otrzymał wtedy oznaczenie PR110R. Drugą naprawę połączoną ze zmianą stylistyki nadwozia wykonano na początku lat dwutysięcznych. Autobus jeździł do roku 2015 w komunikacji miejskiej w Iławie i stamtąd został odkupiony. Obecnie wóz przechodzi powolne prace mające na celu przywrócenie oryginalnego wyglądu, jednakże nie zostały one jeszcze zakończone.
|Total number of passengers||110|
|Number of seats||35|
|Netto weight||9500 kg|
|Total weight||12000 kg|
|Power engine||WSK Mielec SW680 136kW|
Jelcz PR110M podczas Nocy Muzeów 2016 we Wrocławiu.
Tył autobusu Jelcz PR110M. Zwraca uwagę nieoryginalna szyba tylna, jednakże jest to dość łatwe do poprawy
Jelcz PR110M #003 podczas przejazdu specjalnego w Bielawie.